Word of the Year for 2012. 2012 saw the most expensive political campaigns and some of the most extreme weather events in human history, from floods in Australia to cyclones in China to Hurricane Sandy and many others. We got serious in 2013. Edward Snowden’s reveal of Project PRISM to the arrival of Google Glass. Spoiler alert: Things don’t get less serious in 2014. Ebola virus outbreak, shocking acts of violence both abroad and in the US, and widespread theft of personal information. From the pervading sense of vulnerability surrounding Ebola to the visibility into acts of crime or misconduct that ignited critical conversations about race, gender, and violence, various senses of exposure were out in the open this year.
Racial identity also held a lot of debate in 2015, after Rachel Dolezal, a white woman presenting herself as a black woman, said she identified as biracial or transracial. Fear of the «other» was a huge theme in 2016, from Brexit to President Donald Trump’s campaign rhetoric. Despite being chosen as the 2016 Word of the Year, xenophobia is not to be celebrated. Rather it’s a word to reflect upon deeply in light of the events of the recent past. 2017 about those who spoke out against powerful figures and institutions and about those who stayed silent. It was a year of real awakening to complicity in various sectors of society, from politics to pop culture.
Our choice for Word of the Year is as much about what is visible as it is about what is not. It’s a word that reminds us that even inaction is a type of action. The silent acceptance of wrongdoing is how we’ve gotten to this point. We must not let this continue to be the norm. If we do, then we are all complicit. What The Nog: What’s Eggnog? Who’s to Blame for English Spelling?
Sign up for our Newsletter! Start your day with weird words, fun quizzes, and language stories. This iframe contains the logic required to handle Ajax powered Gravity Forms. How to Write a Speech Outline. A speech outline can increase your confidence and help you keep your place so you sound authoritative and in control. As you write your speech outline, focus on how you’ll introduce yourself and your topic, the points you’ll cover, and the interests of your audience. The first thing people want to know when you stand to speak is who you are.
If someone else has introduced you, take the time to thank them as well as anyone responsible for organizing the event or inviting you to speak. Keep in mind you may be nervous when you start your speech. Include this in your outline so you won’t forget. For example, you might say «Good afternoon. I’m Sally Sunshine, and I’ve been a volunteer with the Springfield Animal Society for five years. I’m honored they’ve invited me to speak here today about the importance of spaying or neutering your pets.
Open your speech with an attention-getter. After telling the audience who you are, the next thing you want to do is grab their attention. This could be a joke, a personal story, or an interesting observation on your topic that doesn’t really fit elsewhere in your speech. When choosing your attention-getter, keep your audience in mind. If you’re not sure whether your attention-getter will work, try practicing it in front of friends or family members who are similar in age and interests to the people who will be in the audience when you give your speech. For example, if you’re giving a speech on spaying and neutering pets to a group of suburban families, you might open with a humorous reference to the Disney movie «101 Dalmatians.
Give your audience a reason to listen to your speech. In this part of your introduction, you’ll transition from your attention-getting anecdote into the subject matter of the speech itself. This section should only be a sentence or two. Briefly explain the importance of the topic or issue you’ll be discussing in your speech. If your speech is an informative one, explain why the information is important or relevant to your audience. For argumentative speeches, explain what might happen if action isn’t taken on the issue. For example, you might say «Every year, our local animal shelter has to put down 500 unwanted cats and dogs. If all pets were spayed and neutered, it’s estimated this number would decrease to under 100. Your thesis statement, broadly, tells the audience the scope of your speech. The structure and content of this statement will vary based on the type of speech you’re giving. If you’re giving an argumentative speech, your thesis statement will be a statement of the ultimate point you hope to prove through the information and evidence you lay out in your speech. For example, the thesis statement for a speech arguing that all pet owners should spay or neuter their pets might be «Our entire community would benefit if all pets were spayed or neutered. The thesis statement for a more informative speech will simply summarize the type of information you’re going to provide the audience through your speech.